The Olympic Games began in 776 A.D. in Greece. In these games, held every fourth year, the people of Greece tried to bind the people in a thread. Some human ideals were established, the image of the gods was established, most of them imagined the perfection of the human body. All these reasons gave a new direction to the art of Greece, whose climax we see in the golden age of ‘Paraclis’ and Hellenistic art.
Art of Greece
There are two sources of Greek art, Greece and the second Bible. The Greeks had reached Greece from a region called ‘’ in West Asia, where they developed art. Whatever we have received about this art today is possible with the minority of the art of this period, acquired from the excavation of the 19th century. With the end of the ancient era, many art works were destroyed, marble buildings and idols were burnt to lime. Some big buildings remained because they were used in government use. Today the situation is that we have a position to depend on only a few examples of the art of this period. Not a single picture is received.
The Greeks are said to be following the art of Egypt. But in fact, he created a complete art world. In this creation, he had expressed momentary and instantaneous in place of perpetual, the Greek artist made ‘speed’ the main means in achieving it. Although the artwork is rooted, however, motion can be experienced in the artwork through the coordination of external boundaries, axes, weights, sight points of physical components. The Greek artist used these instruments very efficiently. There is a lack of direction in this, whereas the art of Egypt shows the specified restraint. This physical visual world was true for Greek artists. He considered his goal to make life as full as possible. The naked human body beauty that was interviewed by Greek artists expressed it in unfathomable physical proportions, behind which the deep meaning of Greek artists was hidden, they wanted to see their gods in the most beautiful forms. There was no sensuality in it. He was inspired by religion. His goal was to raise man to the same divine higher level. He had fully contemplated the balance of beauty and amity with nudity.
Human life has been of great importance to artists until the Hellenistic era. Early Greek art had the practical purpose of decorating the temples and letters. Art was a business at that time, and its level was very high. For this reason, the creation of masterpieces was possible in this era. In this Kala, there is often a constant convergence in subjects, letters and events. The reason for this was to educate the artist for a long time by his guru. Still, the art was nothing more than a ship. People believe that the Greek artist had reached its climax in the late 5th century BC towards the perfection of the form.
Fourth century A.D. Changes in this order started from the beginning. The marking and person portraits of new subjects are proof of this. Many social subjects started getting place. This art form was widely spread through mutual exchange all over the country. The art works were getting respect, the idea of utility was discarded and the art works were collected in terms of beauty. Two streams developed from here, one section was in the tradition of ancient art, but keeping in mind the development of new problems was finding solutions. The second section was limited to taking inspiration from the fifth and fourth century A.D. The method of embellishment of mausoleums was learned from Egypt, Finland and Asia. Egyptian influence is found in mural painting and new experiments were going on in Fresco and Tempera.
In the second century A.D., the Greek art tradition was acquired to Rome in succession through Hellenistic emperors. As the enthusiasm for art grew, both currents became clearer, gradually the co-ordination of Greek and Roman traditions also started, the monuments of this time are quite different from the ancient art of Greece, but it had an effective coordination of Greek ideas. Gradually, many new ideas emerged in the Roman Empire. They became antagonists of ancient art, this opposition was clearly visible in Byzantine art. In Italy’s revival era, Greece was again accepted as a source of inspiration.