CENTRAL INDIAN PAINTING
Central Indian painting was developed in present Madhya Pradesh state from 11th to 16th century A.D. this miniature art style excelled as the fusion of all existing miniature art styles from all parts of the country. Malwa was its main center and Mandu was its main seat. Mandu’s Kalpsutra illustration of 1439 A.D. are the earliest examples of the dated miniature in India. Mandu’ artist also illustrated ‘Niyamat-Nama’ in 1505 A.D. Which reflect the effect of Islamic art on it. Similarly, we find richer and mature art style of miniature painting in Mandu Ragmala and Ramayana illustrations of 1634 A.D. they are excellent in execution drawing color scheme and style .in generally this style the small space has been divided into compartments. bright basic colors, huge protruding eyes, angular faces, men and women of moderate height with highly charged faces, abundance of motifs and profusion of gold etc. are the characteristics of Malwa miniature painting. The other centers of this style of art were at Dhar, Ujjain, Narsinghpur and Narsinghgarh. besides that, Orchha, DaitIa in Bundelkhand and Raghogarh in Malwa we the flourished centers of this style. Orchha was initiated as fresco and Danita was known for its excellent and elaborate instructions of Ramayana, Mahabharata, Bhagwat Purana and other portraits. a large bulk of miniature based on the poetry book of ‘Rasik -Priya’ by Keshav das, the eminent court poet of Orchha Naresh has also enriched its treasure.
When Muslim rulers took over the central region ,artist took shelter in Mewar in Rajasthan where great miniature are developed separately. Thus, central school became the fountainhead for later miniature schools of India.