Deccan school of miniature painting had its beginning in 1560 A.D. when Mughal school had its existence the Deccan school was already in existence. Deccan miniatures amalgamation of locale Deccan culture and Islamic art of Iran, Persia and turkey. the new era of miniature painting took birth in Deccan after the decline of Behmani rulers. Islamic rulers were also great lover of art as they belonged to Persian and Afghani origin. but they were fanatic hence their dimension of love of art were confined only the decorative floral and ornamental designs. In the southern part of vindhya mountains vijay nagar was a powerful Hindu kingdom where Indian art and culture flourished. The murals made in Virupakhsh temple at Humpi virbhadra temple at Lepakshi representing the episodes from Ramayana and Mahabharata mirror the artistic heritage of vijaynagar empire. Brahmani rulers defeated the great Hindu kingdom of vijaynagar in the battle of talikota. after, that the Hindu artists from vijaynagar and several Mughal painters migrated from the Aurangzeb’s court developed a new style of miniature paintings in Deccan school. Ahmedanagar, Bijapur,Golcondaand Hyderabad were main centers of deccan school. Deccan school of miniature was developed in the plateau region between Narmada and Krishna river in south India during (1560-1800) A.D. though Deccan school is contemporary to Mughal school but it developed differently. One can see the impact of Chinese, Mughal, European, Persian and even Arabic paintings on Deccan school. In spite of these, basic nature looks like Hindu murals of vijaynagar’s temples. The decorative details, three dimensional effects, use of repetitive motifs elongated human beings and symmetrical architectures make Decani miniatures look special. So, the origin and development of Decani (Deccan) school of art has left a special landmark in the history of art.