Many high values of human life are incorporated in the Indian National Flag which are expressed through its forms and colours we get great inspiration on seeing our National Flag.

First Phase

IN 1905 a new awakening came in the youth of Bengal with fresh energy due to the ‘Bang – Bhang ‘movement.  From the siccas of this movement   and to express Indianness in 1906 Shachindra Nath   Bose and Sukumar designed a layout of first national flag ‘TIRANGA’ for our country.  the flag was consisting of three equal horizontal strips of green yellow and red. in the top green colour strip there were eight white lotuses shown in a row, which represented eight states of that time. on middle yellow strip the word ‘Vande Mataram’ was written in dark blue colour in Devanagari script. The lowest red strip had a white sun in the left and a white crescent moon with a star in the right   side. The first national flag of India had been unfurled on august 7,1906 in the green park Calcutta by the Gracious hands of great social reformer and freedom fighter, Shri Sunendranath Banarjee.

Second Phase

Again 1921 second flag was prepared in try colour under the guidance of mahatma Gandhi during the meeting of all India congress party at Vijay Vada. An enthusiastic youth of Andhra Pradesh, Pingali Venkaiyya designed two coloured flags and handed over to Gandhi ji which was made in red and green colour that represented two major communities Hindu and Muslims in country. Gandhi ji suggested to add one white strip as a symbol of the rest of Indian communities and put a dark blue charkha in its centre as a symbol of progress. it was second national flag of 1921.

Final Phase

On July 22, 1947 finally, a new flag was hoisted which was adopted as a national flag of independent India by constituent Assembly with some corrections in the middle national flag. This tri colour flag took the new shape with saffron at the top, white on the middle and green as its lowest band. all the three colours band are of equal size. Dharma chakra popularly known as Ashoka Chakra of Sarnath pillar in navy blue colour has been put instead of charkha. Its length to breadth ratio is 3:2. There are 24 spokes of Dharma chakra which is the representative of 24 hours of the day.

The significance of saffron colour is courage and sacrifice, white symbolizes truth and peace while the green reflects faith and prosperity. Finally, circular motion of Dharma chakra marks continuous cycle progress of nation along the 24 hours of the day.