N. Krishna Reddy
Krishna Reddy is an outstanding innovator, experimenter and master artist in intaglio technique. he is internationally acclaimed reputed graphic designer and genius sculptor. He was born on July 15 ,1925 at Chittoor Andhra Pradesh. He completed diploma in fine arts from Vishwa Bharti university, shanti Niketan (W.B). He further looks a certificate in fine art during (1951-52) from slade school of fine arts, London. O. zadkine acknowledged his geniuses and advised him to study engraving with S.W. Hayter, Paris at atelier -17 workshop. he did so during 1953 – 1955 which also sharpened his skills. he has introduced a new technique of making multicolored graphics prints by controlling viscosity of paints or colors. in this style, paints are taken from the same etched, scraped and engraved zinc or copper plate. He has combined etching and intaglio both. Intaglio is a process of making prints in which designs are engraved on hard surface like zinc or copper plate. his creativeness brought international fame and acclamation. His Graphic prints are full of lyrical embossed lines and impregnated colors which compel viewers to look at, to touch and to look over many times. He received approximately 75 awards. Government of India also awarded him ‘PADMBHUSHAN’ and ‘PADMSHREE’. there is a permanent print gallery of his works in Bangalore museum. His works inspire every print maker of India and abroad. he has been a splendid person as a teacher and a guide.
This is an exclusive etching work of N. Krishna Reddy done on zinc plate by intaglio technique. Krishna Reddy is an international print maker for his own distinct style in the field of graphic art. In this etching work he has shown an impression so whirlpool in his innovative and experimental style. First, he catches the whirling motion of water in his imaginative mind, then he has created it successfully on his print. The tumults water is shown coming out from all sides towards its center where it looks like a spinning point going inside and creates the image of whirlpool. In this etching work closed nets depict front perspective. Beautiful, attractive and lively texture of blue and green colors coming out through the forceful movement of the water produces shiny images in this graphic print. in this, dynamic wavy nature of real whirlpool has been nicely depicted. Now it is a collection of national art gallery of modern art, New Delhi.
Som Nath Hore
Somnath Hore was a versatile creative personality in the realm of contemporary art of India. He reflected his creativeness in various modes of expressions e.g. Drawing, printmaking, sculpturing et. He was the master of relief printing media like woodcut, wood engraving, lino – cut and multicolored woodcut. He also experimented in intaglio technique and became a self-trained matured master of intaglio. He was born in April 1921 in Chittagong in the undivided Bengal. He lost his father Revati Mohan Hore at the age of 13 years. His mother inspired him to join communist party. In 1945, he joined government school of art, Calcutta. When communist party was banned in 1949 his academic care got interrupted. Finally, he took is diploma from same college in1957 as an external candidate. in198 he joined as a lecturer in Delhi Poly – technique. He got three ‘national awards’ in 1960,1962and 1963 by Lalit Kala Academy, new Delhi. In 1658 Somnath became a professor of graphic art in kala bhavana, Santi Niketan. his efforts and dedication make this department one of the finest printmaking department in India. as an artist ‘Suffering humanity’ was is min theme. Bengal famine of 1943 the Bangladesh war in 1971 and the Vietnam war in 1975 left deep wounds on his heart and mind. He took this incident as a crime against humanity. He used skeletal human beings and animal figures with cage of ribs on their thorax reflecting the emotions of wounded humanity. Their large skull, small face sticks like legs express the effect of malnutrition on humanity.
This black and white composition of etching with aquatint was done by famous print maker artist Somnath Hore in 1958. Basically, theme of this work reflects the injustice to the innocent and poor people of our society. This is a close-knit isolated composition of five standing members of a poor family. two boys are standing closely with their mother. They are looking helplessly towards a girl standing in their right side. This girl might be their whose back portion is visible. One front looking child is shown at the top of the painting. The visible parts of his body are face and hands. All members are shown in torn clothing. A thread is shown in the neck of the front standing boy. Their bloated stomach, large head, small faces, protruding eyes, ribs of thorax and cheek bones are speaking out their inner restlessness and gushing wounds. The mother has put her protective hand on their shoulders sympathetically. This much defined geometrical composition represents the most vulnerable section of humanity. in totally, the whole aspect of the print mirrors the sufferings of the poor. now it is a collection of national gallery of modern art, New Delhi.
A noted graphic print maker and reputed photographer Jyoti Bhatt is a product of Gujarat. He was born at Bhavnagar in Gujarat in1934. He took diploma in graphic print 1954 and post diploma in creative painting in 196 from M.S. University, Baroda under stalwarts like N.S. Bendre, K.G. Subramanyam, and Sankho Chaoudhary. He also did two years course in graphic printmaking from pratt institute, U.S.A. his main mission as an artist is to preserve and to seek inspiration from folk art and tribal art in India. The photographic documentation ‘Living tradition of Indian folk art and tribal art of India’ is the greatest achievement in this regard. he worked as a painter from 1954- 1969 and taught as the faculty of fine arts in M.S. University, Baroda.
In 1970 he learned intaglio method and screen painting. Then, he became a prominent etcher his etchings are fine and have capacity of giving messages. These are well planned in execution and design. Their texture is very artistic. he has natural command over lines and creates fine pattern in embossed intaglio printing in his own style. He won gold plaque at national exhibition in 1956 and national award in 1964 by Lalit Kala Academy, new Delhi. he also gets first prize in postage stamp in a competition organized by Indian government to mark silver jubilee of India’s independence.
Devi is an excellent imagoes deep etching work done by famous Indian graphic artist Jyoti Bhatt. he creates an attractive texture of serpentine form in intaglio technique. This work is based on the concept of kundalini power which lies in the “Mooladhar chakra” in all human beings. Any one of us can get empowered with the power of this kundalini by meditation under the guidance of siddha guru. When this power arises in the person, it generates the immense power to feel divine pleasure and light forever.
Jyoti Bhatt shows the female fertility power in the lower part of the composition and male power in the heart of Devi. The spiritual grace of Devi is depicted by the two flowers shown on her cheeks. She is shown wearing flowers in her ears. On her symbolically depicted right palm three words ‘pseudo’, ‘Tantrik’, kundalini is written in English script while one word ‘Devi is written in Devanagari script. similarly, on her left palm the artist has written his name in English and three words ‘Tantrik’, ‘ram- ram’, and’ “Shree’ in Devanagari script. In the midst of the serpentine kundalini the word ram-ram is also written. On the fore head or the “Bhrikuti of Devi” a brilliant vermillion color Bindi makes It beautiful. Her large eyes resemble the image of goddess Durga. now, it is a collection of national gallery of modern art, New Delhi.
Anupam sud is the finest intaglio print maker among the Indian artist. She was born in1944 at Hoshiarpur in Punjab. She did her diploma in fine arts from college of arts, New Delhi in 1967.her specialization is in printmaking. She got scholarship from the British council for learning printmaking at slade school, London. She completed it during 1971-72. She taught printmaking in DELHI COLLEGE OF ART.
Afterwards she experimented in different areas of graphic medium. She mixes different intaglio process like etching, mezzo tint, aquatint with screen print and lithography. the beauty of her intaglio and mixed media prints lies in her treatment of light and shade. She also mixes photo mechanical process with intaglio which looks like xerox copy of a photograph. The subject matter of her creative prints is mostly the tragic feelings of human beings. Their face expression is full of psychological anxiety, sorrow and fear.
Her famous prints are ‘Adam and eve’, ‘purusha and prakriti’, ‘homage to mankind’ and ‘biography of crime ‘. She took part in 34 national and international exhibitions and five international print workshops and won 19-time awards. She also won the president of India gold plaque in 1975 at women’s art exhibitions organized by Lalit Kala Academy ,New Delhi.
‘Of Walls’ is the most symbolic and meaningful graphic work done by an experimental Indian woman artist Anupam Sud in 1982. in this monochromatic lithography print, a woman is shown sitting on one side. on her back there is a brick wall without plaster. she is in simple dress. her face is made dark to show her sufferings. some folk type white line drawings are also drawn on this wall. In the fore ground lower portion of a male figure in a perfect anatomical balance is shown near the woman who appears as if he were in deep sleep or dead. some of the temples like structures are also visible from the back of the wall. this is the powerful work against the inhuman rules of our society. Now, it is a collection of national gallery modern art at New Delhi.
A fine printmaker and master draftsman K. Laxma Goud were born in 1940 at Nizampur, Andhra Pradesh. he took a diploma in drawing and painting (1963) from government college of arts and architecture, Hyderabad. He completed his post diploma in mural painting and printmaking from M.S.university, Baroda. He is known for his powerful line drawings, etching and water colors. His main theme is interaction between man and nature. He wants to spread universal message through his creations that co-relations among all species of nature is must for our existence which is slowly being endangered by urbanization and modernity. He has developed his own distinct style which is very fine and detailed. The color, innocence, simplicity, flora and fauna used in his work are very narrative. he uses variety of medium to express himself e.g. etching, gouache, and pastel etc. he has also painted shown eroticism in nature in disciplined manner in his graphic print ‘man into goat’ , ‘goat into woman’, ‘human and animal’ etc. his work has been exhibited at national and international level. He lives and works in Hyderabad.
Man, woman and Tree
‘Man, woman and tree’ is one of the finest graphic prints of k. Laxma Goud. The print of this etching and aquatint work is taken on a very smooth paper in which a couple is shown staring at each other in the midst of beautiful shrubs. the man is shown partially hidden in the groove of three trees, standing in the triangular queue. Only upper portion of his body is visible. a very simple, young woman is shown in a saree of dotted prints. she is wearing a nose pin, a “Mangalsutra” and two bangles in each hand. three -fourth portion of her body is shown in aqua color. The fourth tree is shown behind her. the face expression of woman and man are innocent and caring as if they were doing both real job of parenting nature. The message of this print is again universal which narrates that the co -relation between human and nature must be maintained for the survival of mankind. now it is a collection of national gallery of modern art, New Delhi.