Maru Ragini

Subject Matter 

Maru Ragini is a vertical painting from Ragmala series it was painted by the painter of Mewar (Udaipur) namely sahibdin.

Title, Medium and Artist-

The Rajasthani miniature painting Maru Ragini painted by sahibdin in circa 1660A.D. belongs to the sub school of Mewar. The medium used in the is tempera (water colour) on paper on painting of size 23.5X 17 cm. it has been preserved at the National Museum New Delhi.


The painting is based on the famous love story of Dhola Maru which is a popular in Rajasthan. The painting is divided in two parts. In the upper part Dhola and Maru have been shown sitting under a yellow canopy with a red curtain facing each other. Maru is shown wearing Rajasthani costume and Dhola is shown wearing aristocratic attire sword and shield both are making love. On both sides, a big tree is shown an inscription is shown at the top.

The lower part, Maru is caressing her pet camel, green back ground is shown. Along with these two male escorts taking sticks in their hands and one dog is running ahead the camel.  The camel is shown in deep yellow colour. The whole painting has early Mughal influence. Red, orange, yellow and dark green colour has been used in the painting, lines are thick and sharp.

Huma Values –

@ Love and devotion of the royal couple for each other,

@ Loyalty of the attendants toward there master.

@ They are accompanying him to ensure his well-being.

Description in 30 words-

Its tempera painting made by “Sahibdin” from Mewar sub school of Rajasthan. Here a king and his queen rides on a camel in desert with two mail escorts and a dog. Whole painting depicted Mughal impact.

Bharat meets Rama at chitrkut

Subject matter – The painting depicts a scene from Ramayana when Bharat comes to chitrkut to meet Rama with his three mothers and guru Vishwa Mitra various episode have been shown in a single scene.

Artist, medium and title – The Rajasthani miniature painting Bharat meets Rama at chitrkut painted by Gumman in circa 1740-50 A.D. belongs to the sub school of Jaipur. The medium used in the is tempera (water colour) on paper on. it has been preserved at the National Museum New Delhi.


The theme is this painting has been taken from Ramayana, here Ram’s brother Bharat has come to meet Rama along with his three mother and guru vashishth . Green colour has been used in different shades. the use of green colours is the high light of the painting. dark green banana trees have been shown behind the huts.

Rama has been shown in different postures like bowing downwards for touching the feet of guru. folding his hand in front of guru vashishath etc. The composition has balanced there are total 49 figure in this painting. Rama, Laxman their mother’s guru vashishtha have been shown many times some ladies have also been shown sitting in profile pose in the foreground.

Almost  9 scenes are painted in a one painting .stream red and white lotus flower has been shown there is no influence in this painting by observing the painting one feels that the painter in successful in depicting the subject matter every character in the painting seems to be familiar to the observes so the subject matter is justified . Now it is a collection of National Museum New Delhi.

Human Values –

@ love and devotion amongst family members.@ Forgiveness as a virtue (Rama holds no grudges against kaikeyi)

@ Respect of elders.

@ Obedience to follow the direction of the parents.

@ To be patient to listen to the advice of the people wiser than you (Rama listening attentively to his gurus)

@ Ability to sacrifice your own comforts for others.

@ Do not do things that you will repent later (kaikeyi asks for Rama’s exile and realizes her

mistake letter.

Description in 30 words –

Gumman’s painting from Jaipur, the artist depicts 49 figures in 9 scenes in a one painting. Episodes are taken from Ramayana. light colour scheme has been used to depict the reality.

Raja Aniruddh Singh Hara

Subject Mater –

This is a bravery painting, the prince Raja Anirudh Singh hora is sitting on the back of a running horse who is making a power show.

Title , Medium and Artist 

This (water colour -tempera) painting of bundi school is painted by a famous painter utkalram in 18th century decorative Mughal style.


Raja Aniruddh Singh Hara is seated with sword on a decorated colour galloping horse .he is the holding rains of the horse through both his of  hands  tightly .He scab and sword hilt are painted nicely in the composition of red and cadmium yellow he is dressed in typical Mughal style royal costumes along with turban is painted beautifully  in the mixture of cadmium yellow and brown.

His profile face looks very young ,soft and innocent .his pazama is dark orange colour .He is decorated with verity of armaments . the back ground is painted in dark color in the combination of blue,black and red . the entire composition is focused on Aniruddh Singh hara and his horse.

Both front lags of horse of uplifted in air .it is shown balance on its back legs. The head of the horse is painted smaller than its body which resembles like a decorative wooden toy. The fluttering tail of the horse marks the speed of the racing horse. now its collection of national museum new Delhi.

Description in 30 words – Its tempera painting made by “utklaram” from Bundi sub school of Rajasthan. It depicts a well-dressed young king seated on a decorated and speedy horse. with dark back ground in Mughal style.

Krishna on swing

Subject matter –

This miniature painting painted by Nooruddin is based on the Rasik Priya poetry of Keshavdas. the most widely illustrated work of medieval Hindi poetry. one day Krishna takes with him on the swing a Gopi other than Radha. this behaviour of Krishna offends Radha whose love foe Krishna will not tolerant any one in between. on this Radha feels betrayed and upset.

Artist, title and medium –

The Rajasthani miniature painting “Krishna on swing” belongs to Bikaner school. It was the painted during 1750-1760 A.D. by the artist Nooruddin. the medium was used water colour (tempera)

Description –

This painting is divided in two parts. the artists seem to have slightly change the episode. the upper parts of the painting relate to the first part of the episode, though with some change. Krishna is alone on the swing. he has his eyes fixed on Radha who is sitting on the porch, or on terrace.

Radha too is looking at Krishna. thus, ego of both ends obstructs union and offends both. in the, lower part Krishna is seen sitting inside one bower and Radha inside the other. the eyes and faces of both betray grief and pain. From the action of Gopi’s hands, she appears to assert that being male and the mightier he is expected to have a broader, wider and more liberal mind and a greater responsibility towards Radha.

This painting is nearer to indigenous Rajput consciousness, it reflects folk art elements whereas in its fine draftsmanship technical execution and use of softer tones of colors, lines are thin and sharp. Krishna is wearing a crown and ornaments. At the back of Krishna and Radha there is a round pillow. White color is used for ornaments.

Human Values –

@ love and devotion of the divine couple, as an example for everyone.

@ Eagerness to have a dialogue to resolve the matter,

@ Goodwill amongst friends and followers who can help as mediators to help break the ice and put an end to fight.

Description in 30 words –

Its tempera painting made by “Nuruddin” from Bikaner of Rajasthan. In upper part Krishna seated on a hexagonal swing in front of Radha and lower part Both are seated on red carpet in royal Rajputana dress and style with one female attendant.

Chughan players

Subject matter – Chaugan Players is a horizontal painting in which two princesses are playing polo whit their four maids.

Artis, title and medium 

This Rajasthani miniature painting of jodhpur sub school made by legend artist Dana of in circa 18 century A.D. medium of this painting tempera (water colour) on hand made paper.

Description –

Chughan players is the famous painting of Rajasthani school of miniature painting. It is painted by Dana in 18th century. This painting belongs to Jodhpur sub school. He used tempera on paper (water colour).

The whole painting is in horizontal composition. There are six ladies, two of them are queens and rest of the four are their maids. The queen on a right side is sitting on a blue colour horse and queen on let side is sitting on a white colour horse.

All the six players are taking sticks in their hands and pulling the polo ball their side. The leg of the horse is giving realistic look to the painting. hence it can be estimated that horse is in running posture. Both of the queens are well decorated with ornaments beautifully they are wearing lehenga, choli and odhani. All the horses are looking beautiful as their saddle arrangement seems to be regal.

The horse of queen’s maids is running opposite to each other. all the ladies are wearing beautiful turban. the eyes of all the players are made very careful as they are looking at an equal angle. This painting shows the Mughal effect. Therefore, artist Dana had shown his talent by giving realistic look to the painting. he had been completely successful in depicting the painting.

Human Values –

@Sports as a source of recreation for a healthy and fulfilling life.

@ Teamwork towards a common goal.

@ Develop a sense of healthy competition to get better in all fields.

Description in 30 words –

Its horizontal tempera painting made by “Dana” from jodhpur sub school of Rajasthan. It shows two princesses with four maids playing polo in two parts of painting. In Light and flat back ground all figures are in Rajputana dress.

Bani Thani

Subject Matter – This painting is based on the court dancer of king Sawant Singh of kishangarh named Bani Thani. the king was great devotee of Radha and Krishna, he gave the name to this court dancer.

Artist,Medium and Title –

Nihal Chand of kishangarh has made this painting belongs from Rajasthani school of miniature painting. its miniature painting made on hand paper with water colour in tempera technique at circa 1760 A. D.

Description – 

This is one of the most well-known paintings of Rajasthani art of kishangarh..Nihal Chand’s  painting Radha of kishangarh  or Bani Thani  which means well turned out. Her face is elongated with high sloping forehead, pointed and long nose and bulging out well cut lips and pointed chin her long black tresses are flowing down from her shoulders to her waist. long tapering fingers of her right hand are delicately holding the edge of the transparent odhahni. in her left hand there are two lotus buds of pink and white colour which she is holding with her delicate fingers. odhani is decorated with golden motifs.  her dress and jewelry reflect the taste and the costumes of the contemporary Rajput royalty. she is wearing a white pearl necklace around her neck.

The background is painted in deep blue colour. lines are very sharp and thin .it is believed that Nihal Chand used Bani Thani the court dancer as his model for Radha. her body I painted in peach colour. this painting has beautiful colour scheme. on the whole painting is very beautiful. 

Description in 30 words

Its tempera painting made by “Nihalchand” from kishangarh of Rajasthan. He made the beauty of Bani Thani divine and immortal. She is wearing transparent orhani and ornaments, holding lotus buds delicately. Her smile is enigmatic.

Description In 30 words –

Its tempera painting made by “Nihalchand” from kishangarh of Rajasthan. He made the beauty of Bani Thani divine and immortal. She is wearing transparent orhani and ornaments, holding lotus buds delicately. Her smile is enigmatic.       


Paintings Description

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