The Rajasthani miniature painting Maru Ragini painted by sahibdeen in circa 1660A.D. belongs to the sub school of Mewar. The medium used in the painting of size 23.5X 17 cm is tempera (water colour) on paper on it has been preserved at the National Museum New Delhi.
The painting is based on the famous love story of Dhola Maru which is a popular in Rajasthan. The painting is divided in two parts. In the upper part Dhola and Maru have been shown sitting under a yellow canopy with a red curtain facing each other. Maru is shown wearing Rajasthani costume and Dhola is shown wearing aristocratic attire sword and shield both are making love. on both sides, a big tree is shown an inscription is shown at the top. The lower part, Maru is caressing her pet camel, green back ground is shown. The camel is shown in deep yellow colour. The whole painting has early Mughal influence. Red, orange, yellow and dark green colour has been used in the painting, lines are thick and sharp.
BHARAT MEETS RAMA AT CHITRKUT
This extra ordinary tempera (water colour ) on paper of Jodhpur school was painted by talented artist Gumman in 18th century . In this painting 49 human figure have been wonderfully depicted in nine different groups, now it is a collection of National Museum New Delhi.
The theme is this painting has been taken from Ramayana, hear Ram’s brother Bharat has come to meet Rama along with his tree mother and guru Vishwamitra. Green colour has been used in different shades. the use of green colours is the high light of the painting. dark green banana trees have been shown behind the huts.
Rama has been shown different postures like bowing downwards for touching the feet of guru Vishwamitra. folding his hand in front of guru etc. The composition has balanced there are total 49 figure in this painting .Rama ,Laxaman their mothers guru vishwamitra have been shown many times some ladies have also been shown sitting in profile pose in the foreground .stream red and white lotus flower has been shown there is no influence in this painting by observing the painting one feels that the painter in successful in depicting the subject matter every character in the painting seems to be familiar to the observes so the subject matter is justified .
RAJA ANIRUDDHA SINGH HORA
This (water colour -tempera) painting of bundi school is painted by a famous painter utkalram in 18th century A.D.in decorative Mughal style. Raja Aniruddh Singh Hara is seated with sword on a decorated colour galloping horse .he is the holding rains of the horse through both his of hands tightly .He scab and sword hilt are painted nicely in the composition of red and cadmium yellow he is dressed in typical Mughal style royal costumes along with turban is painted beautifully in the mixture of cadmium yellow and brown ,his profile face looks very young ,soft and innocent .his pazama is dark orange colour .He is decorated with verity of armaments . the back ground is painted in dark color in the combination of blue,black and red . the entire composition is focused on Aniruddh Singh hara and his horse.
Both front lags of horse of uplifted in air .it is shown balance on its back legs. The head of the horse is painted smaller than its body which resembles like a decorative wooden toy. The fluttering tail of the horse marks the speed of the racing horse. now its collection of national museum new Delhi.
KRISHNA ON SWING
The Rajasthani miniature painting Krishna on swing belongs to Bikaner school .It was the painted during 1750-1760 A.D. by the artist nuruddin . the medium was used water color (tempera)
In this painting, the scene with land scape is dominated form the figure scene in the fore ground overall the painting the Indian art influence but it landscape has European influence. the main dominating. tree has swing hanging downwards with help of four ropes having a beautiful platform on which child Krishna is sitting.
The swing has been shown attached from above to the stem with help of very fine and strong rings with white colours. two young women a child and an old man are standing around the child Krishna .an old woman also there. who is sitting on the right side in the foreground. All the figures have profile faces. foreground has been shown in green and light yellow colour in the costumes of the two young women. primary colours have been used along with orange and green colours. the back ground some small trees have been used. the main powerful (dominating) tree is in the foreground (its trunks base starting from the foreground is reaching up to the top of the painting covering the sky).
The subject matter of the painting is that all types of people like children, young women and old man are adoring and taking care of child Krishna. the painter appears to successful in depicting the subject matter of this painting as by watching it. the subject matter gets clear on the mind of the observer and its justified.
Chughan players is the famous painting of Rajasthani school of miniature painting. It is painted by Dana in 18th century.this painting belongs to Jodhpur sub school. He used tempera on paper (water color).The whole painting is in horizontal composition. There are six ladies , two of them are queens and rest of the four are their maids.the queen on a right side is sitting on a blue color horse and queen on let side is sitting on a white color horse. All the six players are taking sticks in their hands and pulling the polo ball their side. The leg of the horse are giving realistic look to the painting .hence it can be estimated that horse are in running posture.both of the queens are well decorated with ornaments beautifully they are wearing lehenga , choli and odhani . all the horses are looking beautiful as their saddle arrangement seems to be regal. The horse of queen’s maids are running opposite to each other . all the ladies are wearing beautiful turban . the eyes of all the players are made very careful as they are looking at an equal angle. This painting shows the Mughal effect.Therefore artist Dana had shown his talent by giving realistic look to the painting . he had been completely successful in depicting the painting .