He was born in1899 in a jamadar family at Tajhat (now in Bangladesh) , RANGPUR District Bengal. He had exceptional talent in drawing, painting and clay modeling by birth. His father Uma Prasad Roy Choudhry took him to Abanindranath Tagore where he learned drawing and painting. As Abanindranath gave absolute freedom to his students, he also allowed Devi Prasad to evolve his own way. He learned life drawing and portraiture from Mr.Boiess, an Italian painter in western technique. Meanwhile he joined the studio of Hiramon Roy Chaudhary and did modeling under his guidance. He started his work as a freelance artist and soon occupied a leading position among noted painters and sculptors of his time.at the age of twenty-five, he made his father’s clay sculpture which is treated as the super example of impressionist style till now. in 1929, he was appointed as the principal of government school of art, Madras. During his three decades of stay in madras, he did his outstanding works in painting and sculpture. He was indeed a versatile genius. ‘triumph of labor’ installed at madras beach in 1954 and ‘martyrs’ memorial’ in Patna are his unparalleled and outstanding outdoor sculptures in bronze. He was master of anatomy an expressed himself in plaster, bronze and marble also. He was a real devotee of art and his worldly affairs were managed by his wife Charulata. He was the first chairman of Lalit Kala academy, new Delhi. He was elected as president and director of UNESCO art seminar held in Tokyo. The government of India Honored him with’ Padma Bhushan’ in 1958.
This is an extraordinarily realistic bronze sculptures made by Devi Prasad Roy Chaudhary, a famous artist of Bengal school. The subject matter of this sculptures
is taken from the life of the common man of India. In this composition, the artist has depicted ‘triumph of labor’ which means, one remains alive and progressive in unity four laborers are shown busy in a moving massive block with the help of wooden log by means of putting their maximum efforts in some hilly area. These laborers are carved in perfect anatomical body balance. this very strong muscles mirror their strength and capability. they all are in semi nude and their lively action are depicted dynamic mobility of this statue. now, it is a collection of modern art gallery new Delhi.
Ram Kinker Baij
Ramkinker Baij was the eccentric genius of Santi Niketan. He revitalized Indian sculpture and gave it a new dimension in the period of the of transition from a traditional to a modern art. He developed his own individual style in the field of sculpture and painting both. Ramkinker was born in a village of Bankura district in west Bengal in 1910. Shree Ramanand Chatterjee, a famous writer and editor of ‘modern review’ marked his talent, when he visited Ramkinker’s village. He recommended him to Gurudeva Rabindranath and the boy Ramkinker became a student of art at Santi Niketan in 1925 under the guidance of Nandlal Bose. After completing his studies, he joined as a faculty member of ‘kala bhavana’. He had lived at Santi Niketan for over 37 years. His individuality and originality and working style proved him out as one of the true modern sculptors. Each work of Ramkinker radiate his latent energy. His figure and forms are dynamic and energetic. his approach towards handling the subject is starting from naturalistic, romantic to completely abstract. As a sculptor, he used cement, concrete, stone and plaster which was easily available. In painting, he worked oil tempera and water color. The Santhal living around Santi Niketan were his alive models. One of his major stonework’s 32 feet high ‘yaksh and yakshini’ installed at the main entrance of reserve bank of India, new Delhi is reflecting his creative caliber.
Santhal family is the major outdoor free-standing sculpture, made of cement and concrete. It is a rough textured composition of Santhal couple with a child and a dog .it reflects the Ram Kinker’s feeling and concern for the simplicity of the Santhal family. This work has the tremendous energy and love of a movement. The figures and forms are naturalistic, dynamic and earthy. It represents the internal emotion of Santhal family that is moving towards the new destination after leaving their home in search of livelihood with hope and aspiration this sculpture is installed on the road side in Kala- Bhavana Shanti Niketan and appears as if it is in pace with every movement of the road and is also matching with the static peace of the environment simultaneously.
Amar Nath Sehgal
Amarnath Sehgal is a multi talented creative personality. He is an engineer, a philosopher a poet and a sculptor. He was born on February 5, 1922 at Cambellpur, at pok (Pakistan). Internationally reputed sculptor, Sehgal is basically a science graduate i.e. Bsc. (distinction in physics) the he studied industrial chemistry from Banaras Hindu university. He started his career as an engineer at Lahore. art is his inborn talent. He started learning art privately at Lahore school of fine arts, popularly known as ‘Sanyal’s’ studio in 1945 where he took a decision to chose art as his profession. After partition, he migrated to India and started working as freelance artist. In 1949, he went to USA ant took master degree in art education from New York university.
He is an expressionist, evocative and emotive sculptor. He says that the work of an artist should act as a bridge between himself and society. ‘anguished cries’, ‘rape’, ‘hunger’ and ‘cries unheard’ are his masterpiece works in bronze. His monumental sculptures dedicated to scientific achievements are ‘conquest of moon’ in Washington D.C. he wants to spread the message of peace, love and compassion through this art.
In 1958 the sculpture ‘cries un-heard’ was awarded president of India’s ‘Gold plaque’ by Lalit kala academy, new Delhi. this is a large size bronze statue done by well-known sculptor, Amarnath Sehgal in 1958. This is a symbolic work in which three nude figures of a family are standing in a deep anguish mood. they have glooming faces full of agony and distress. All the three elongated figures of man, woman and child have hollow faces and their hands raised towards the sky in the helpless position. the right hand of child is up while his left hand is shown in down posture. man, and child are looking up but woman is looking down. they all are asking for the help from almighty god because no one is ready to hear their protest in our society. the theme of this sculpture shows the injustice and exploitation done by rich and powerful people. they are exploiting the weaker section of the society from longtime. now it is a collection of national gallery modern art, New Delhi.
P.V.Jankiram is one of the modern Indian icon master sculptors of second generation . he was born in 1930 madras. He joined government college of arts and craft, Madras in 1947 under the guidance of superb teachers D.P.ROY CHOUDHARY and K.C.S. PANIKER. He took diploma in three branches of art i.e. in painting, in sculpture and in commercial art and stayed continuously in same arts college till 1964. It is his grit and string determination of knowing art that led to be a student for 17 years since 1947 to 1964.
He is known for introducing repousse technique i.e. the idea of making free-standing two-dimensional sculptures from beaten and shaped metal pieces of copper for making sculpture. such sculptures are also called repousse meta relief or frontal sculptures. he took this idea from the mask of deities of south Indian temple which are made from thin silver sheets. His famous work in his technique are ‘virgin mother’ ,’Christ’, ‘owl’ , ‘eagle’ etc. which mirror his deep experimental caliber and studies. These works also prove copper sheets as the best suited material for him. He had embellished the front of these sculptures with varieties of things like wires of varied gauge, metal tapes, metal blades, metal balls, brass, silver, enamel etc. he got two national awards from Lalit kala academy, New Delhi.in 1964 and 1966 .
Ganesha is one of the best frontal sculptures of P. V. Jankiram. this is the finest work of his repose work, done in oxidized copper sheets and wires. in this creation Ganesa is shown in six hands. he is playing sitar with his upper two hands while his other four hands are holding Shankha, Gada, Padma and Ankush in traditional style. He is wearing a spiritual crown and a halloo around is head. His face expression has divine look. he has large ears. his face and broad trunk have been designed on the same copper sheets. The posture of his both legs indicates that he is in dancing pose. The whole sculpture is designed with copper wires of different gauge, folded copper sheets and welded small copper dots. Red and yellow copper patches are shown on his right arm and below his knee on his leg’s extra beauty to the sculpture. the smoothness of the surface, continuity of the form and ornamentation are nicely maintained in it. Now it is a collection of national gallery of modern art , New Delhi.
Aekka Yada Giri Rao
Aekka yadaigiri Rao is one of the master sculptors of modern India. He breathes life into stones. He was born on July 21, 1938 in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. From his early childhood he wanted to be a sculptor.as a kid also he had love for stones. He took diploma in fine arts from Osmania university, Hyderabad and worked there as a professor of sculpture. He evolved a new visual language of sculpture. Granite is his favorite material because it never get eroded and stays forever.
His metal welded sculpture ‘ we want peace in Indian ocean’ won gold medal in 1975. Now , it is displayed in Indira park , Hyderabad. He received 15 other awards and recognition. ‘ The Telangana martyrs memorial’ displayed in gun park in front of Andhra Pradesh assembly is one of his masterpiece work.
Chaturmukhi is carved in monolithic sand stone by famous Indian sculptor Aekka Yada Giri Rao. It explains the complete panorama of women’s life and makes its name meaningful. this thirteen-foot-high sculpture has four sides and explains our aspects of feminine life in abstract form. On the front side, a complete woman head is shown as the symbol of feminine energy and intellect while on its other side a virgin woman has been carved that signifies her time span of childhood. her hands are shown folded in bud shaped. On the third side a couple is shown for denoting her time span after marriage. on the fourth side different feminine facets of woman of middle age are depicted. On the whole it is exclusive example of sculpture and is displayed on square shaped stone pedestal in the lawn as a permanent collection of modern art, new Delhi.